روز تولد امام صادق (ص)
Birthday of Imam Sadiq(as) s
The sun of the existence of Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) arose from the lap of his mother Umm-e-Farwah on the 17th of Rabiul Awal, 83rd year Hijrah, in the city of Madina. Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) has the same birth date as that of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW)....go to textfull
Family Backgroung of Imam Jafar Sadiq(as):
Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) said about her mother, "My mother was one of the pious, faithful and devoted women." Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) was 15 years of age when his grandfather Imam Sajjad (AS) was martyred and 34 years old when his father Imam Muhammad Baqir (AS) was martyred.
Characteristic of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as):
Ethical value and virtue of Imam Sadiq Jafar (as)
About the ethical value and virtue of Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS), it is sufficient that out of four thousands of his students even a single one did not object or criticize upon the moral character and conduct of Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS), and did not find a weak point in it. He was a practical example and specimen for the Muslims with respect to eating, relaxing and resting, walking, speaking, and conducts with others. He had the same social conduct with his friends as he had with his children.
Malik bin Ans says, "Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) was always busy praying to God and considered to be one of the great ascetic and devoted ones. "
Abdul Ala says: On a hot day of summer I saw Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) on one of the roads of Madina while he was going for a job. I said, "May I lay my life for you, why have you put yourself into inconvenience in such a hot weather, with all the faith upon God and association with the Prophet Muhammad (SAW)?"He said, "I have come out for the job and to earn my livelihood, so that I must not remain needy towards others.
"Another one says, "I saw Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) wearing rough dress and he was working in a garden like an ordinary labor and perspiring all over." I said to him "Oh, the son of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) allow me to work for you."He said, "I love working for my livelihood and to taste the hardship of the burning heat of the sun like others.
"When Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) went out of the house he used to put on new, clean, valuable and costly dress and climb up a horse. A group of ignorant people thought this act negated the piety and asceticism. Therefore, they would come and object and when they heard the response they would be ashamed.
Working Hard for Livelihood:
Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) forbearance and fortitude:
Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) attends the Oppressed
One of the friends of Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) named Moally Bin Khunais says, "On a rainy and dark night I saw that Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) was carrying a heavy sack on his back in the streets of Madina. I followed him to find out as to where he was heading. He threw a quantity of bread on earth and I collected it and went towards Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) and saluted him and gave that to him. Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) took that kept it in the sack, and continued walking on. Not very long after that, he reached a point where a group of oppressed men were sleeping. Imam Jafar as Sadiq (AS) put two breads underneath the head of each one.
The Miraculous Acts of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq(A.S.)
Why does the science refuse the things which occur not according to the natural laws? Is it not the Creator of the usual laws and the Creator of the unusual laws one? And He Who is able to create the things through their usual causes is able to create them through the causes which are above the level of our ability and knowledge.
These proofs and miracles are also necessary to the trustees of authority (awsiya') of the prophets to fulfill the purpose for which the prophets summoned people. Allah sent the prophets to make people know Him and then to serve Him. Also the trustees of authority were nominated to fulfill the same task. Therefore, the Imam should bring the miracle to prove his Imamate.
As Allah, the Exalted, nominated Imam Jafar al- Sadiq, peace be on him, to carry out the law which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, brought, then if was incumbent on Allah to grant him the miracle when necessary as He granted it to the Prophet. This is the viewpoint of the Imamis concerning the Imamate of al- Sadiq.
As for the Sunni viewpoint concerning him, they think that he belongs to the pure family of the prophet. and that he has all outstanding merits.
The author of the book 'Madinat al- Ma'ajiz' has mentioned over three hundred miraculous and laudable acts on al- Sadiq. We will mention some of his miracles from the valuable books on which the two parties (the Sunnis and
the Shi'a) have agreed. They are as follows:
Imam Sadiq's Accepted Supplications:
In his book 'Is'afal- Raghibin', al- Sabban says: "His supplications were accepted. When al- Sadiq asked Allah for some thing, it would be between his hands before he had finished his supplication."
In his book 'Lawaqih al- Anwar, al- Sha'arany says: "When al- Sadiq, peace be on him, was in need of a thing, he said: 'Lord, I am in need of so- and- so.' The thing was put beside him before he had finished his supplication."
Many authors have mention that al- Mansur sent for al- Sadiq several times. However, al- Sadiq invoked Allah against him. So, al- Mansur changed his mind and stood up to receive him.(282)
One day, a woman came to al- Sadiq and said: "May I be your ransom, my father and mother and the members of my house support you." Al-Sadiq said: "You are truthful. What do you want?" The woman said: "May I be your ransom, son of Allah's Apostle (may Allah bless him and his family), I have leprosy in my upper arm. Invoke Allah to heal me."
Al-Sadiq, peace be on him, said: "Allah, You heal the blind and the leprous and bring life to the decayed bones. Forgive her and heal her to see the effect of the acceptance of my supplication." The woman said: "By Allah, I stood up and I had nothing of leprosy."(285)
Hammad b. 'Isa(286) asked al- Sadiq to implore Allah to give him what helps him to perform the hajj many times and to give him good, productive lands, a good house, a wife from the good families, and obedient children. He wanted to perform the hajj for fifty times.
Al- Sadiq implored Allah to fulfill Hammad's needs. So, Allah gave him all his needs. Hammad performed the hajj for fifty times. Then he wanted to perform the hajj for fifty- one times. When he arrived at al- Jihfa valley, the flood took him a way. Then his servants brought him out of the water. He was dead.
Imam Sadiq's Prediction on the Events:
One day Abd Allah b. al- Hasan summoned al- Sadiq to nominate his son Mohammed to the Caliphate. Al- Sadiq said to Abd Allah: "By Allah, this matter (the caliphate) is not for you nor for your children. The caliphate is for this (i.e. al- Saffah), then for this (i.e. al- Mansur), and then for his children. When al- Sadiq went out, Abu Ja'far (al- Mansur) followed him and said to him: "Abu Abd Allah, do you know what you have said?" Al-Sadiq, peace be on him, said: "Yes, by Allah, I know it (the caliphate) and it shall occur."(288)
Also al- Sadiq predicted the killing of Mohammed and Ibrahim, the two sons of al- Hasan, on many occasions. One day, he said: "Marwan shall be the end of the Omayyads, and Mohammed ibn al-Hasan shall be killed."(289)