The Prophet (PBUH) reminded his people that he too was human
One of the fundamental characteristics of unbelievers is their arrogance. It is that which has led them to refuse to obey the messengers of Allah, and to resort to excuses in order not to do so. One such excuse was that they would only obey these messengers if they were more than human. Yet, the Prophet (PBUH) reminded his people that he was human, a mere servant of Allah, and that all other such expectations were groundless, but that they should turn to Allah.
Allah gave the Prophet (PBUH) the following commands in the Quran:
Say: "I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So let him who hopes to meet his Lord act rightly and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord." (Surat al-Kahf: 110)
Say: "If there had been angels on the earth going about in peace, We would have sent down to them an angel from heaven as messenger." Say: "Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you. He is certainly aware of and sees His servants." (Surat al-Isra': 95-96)
The Prophet (PBUH) told his people that he was also commanded to be one of the Muslims and to obey Allah, and that he was responsible for warning the unbelievers, but that he could not be held responsible for their choices. The verses in question read:
"I have simply been ordered to worship the Lord of this land which He has declared sacred-everything belongs to Him-and I have been ordered to be one of the Muslims and to recite the Quran." Whoever is guided is only guided to his own good; if someone is misguided just say, "I am only a Warner." Say: "Praise be to Allah. He will show you His Signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is not unaware of what you do." (Surat an-Naml: 91-93)
Prophet Muhammad: A Divine Mercy for the Worlds: Lecture 7
Author: Sheikh Mansour Leghaei
Numerous ahadith indicates that the first manifestation of God is the light of Muhammad and Ale Muhammad and all the rest are created in honour of them. Note that the light of Muhammad is an expression for his essence and spirit which is before the creation of matter.
• Jabir ibn Abdullah said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah what was the first that God created? The prophet replied, “Light of your prophet O Jabir. God created him and then from him created every good.” Behar 15:24
• Jabir ibn yazid narrated from Imam Baqir (a.s), “O Jabir. Verily the first that God created was Muhammad and his pure family. Those who guide and are guided. They were the spirits of light before the mighty hand of God.` Jabir said I asked the Imam what he meant by the spirits of light? The Imam replied, ‘Shadow of the Light`”. Al Kafi 1:442 It seems the meaning of the shadow of the Light refers to the fact that God is “The Light` as is refers to in Ayatul Noor and the spirit of Muhammad is His shadow and His first Mansifestation.
• Jabir ibn Abdullah narrated from the prophet, “The first that the Almighty God created was my light who created it from His Light and it derived from the glory of His greatness. Then that light approached circulating by the might until it reached the Glory of the Greatness in seventy thousand years and then prostrated for God in glorification. Then from that light the light of Ali gushed out and so my light was encompassing by the Glory and the light of Ali was encompassing by the Might.” Behar 25:22
Imam Baqir (a.s), “O Jabir. Verily the first that God created was Muhammad and his pure family. Those who guide and are guided. They were the spirits of light before the mighty hand of God.` Jabir said I asked the Imam what he meant by the spirits of light? The Imam replied, ‘Shadow of the Light`”. Al Kafi 1:442
• Abu Thar al Ghifari in a long hadith in description of the journey of ascension narrated from the prophet, “I said O angels of my Lord. Do you know us as we deserved to be known? They said, ‘O prophet of God. How don`t we know you and you are the first creation of God, He created you as the spirits of light from His Light in a light from the sublimity of His Dignity and the sublimity of His Kingdom and the sublimity of His Honourable Face.” Behar vol15:8
• Imam Ali (a.s) said,
“Surely the Almighty God created from the light of Muhammad twenty oceans of light. In every ocean there is knowledge that none other than God knows about… Surely the light of Muhammad was sent down from the ocean of dignity so he came down to the ocean of patience then to the ocean of reverence then to the ocean of humbleness then to the ocean of satisfaction then to the ocean of loyalty then to the ocean of forbearing then to the ocean of piety… Until it went through twenty oceans. When it exited from the last ocean the Almighty God said ‘O My friend and the master of My messengers and the first of My creation and the last of My messengers, you are the intercessor on the day of gathering.` Thus the light prostrated then he stood up and from that light many drops dropped that they numbered 124000 drops. So the Almighty God created from every drop of his light a prophet.” [Behar 57:200]
1 - Hypocrites are characterized by three features : telling lies , reneging on promises ,breaching of trust .
2 - The most hateful thing to Allah among those lawful ones is divorce.
3 - Oh, Adam"s descendent ! If you have a healthy body and a peaceful mind , and can afford your livelihood for one day , don"t worry about anything else !
4 - Oh , Adam"s descendent ! you have within your reach whatever meets your needs , whereas you are seeking things that develop disobedience in you, you do not choose contentment , and nothing , however abundant, can satisfy you .
5 - Avoid the curse of the opressed , since they seek adjudication from Allah and He will never let them down & deny them their rights .
6 - Refrain from using unlowfully obtained construction materials in your building , for they will ruin it .
7 - Fear the believer"s insight , for in seeing things , he is assisted by the light of Allah .
8 - Avoid altachmeant to this worled . I swear by the one in whose hands lies my soul , that this worled is mose seductive than Harut and Marut .
9 - Fear the curse of the oppressed for it spreads up as the flames of fire.
10 - God punishes man for two sins in this world : injustice and ungratefulness towards parents .
11 - Whoever from among you is more valiant to take solemn oath is nearer to the Hell .
12 - Be moderately wordly minded ; since everybody shall receive whatever is apportioned to him by fate .
13 - To God , the best act is timely prayer , then right conduct towards parents , then struggle in the way of God .
14 - to God , the most popular servents are unknown pious ones .
15 - To God . the best act is the one which is more lasting , however scanty that might be .
16 - To God , the best acts are to feed the poor , to repay their debts or , to rid them of a trouble .
17 - To God , the best act is to mind one"s tongue .
18 - To God , the best Jihad ( holy struggle ) is a rightful statement addressed to tyrannical rulers .
19 - To God , the best food is the one enjoyed by very many people .
20 - To God , the best sports are horsemanship and archery .
21 - God likes those servants of His,who are lenient when buying , selling , paying and receiving .
22 - One Who is more beneficial to others is loved by God .
23 - Throw dust to the face of flatterers .
24 - The most prudent is the one more capable of restraining his rage .
25 - Evaluate people on the basis of your evaluation of their companions, for " "Birds of a feather flock together".
26 - The anxiety that my Ummah would be affected by great ambitions,disturbs me more than anything else.
27 - Call up God and be sure that your solemn request shall be fulfilled , and be aware that God will not grant a prayer coming from a negligent heart .
28 - From among people of the Hell the one will the easiest punishment has two fire shoes causing his brain to boil .
29 - The easiest tension of death is equal to one hundred stroke of sword .
30 - If you happen to pass judgement on Muslims , you should refrain from judging when affected by a fit of anger , and from adupting a discriminatory attitude against or in favour of one of the parties to the dispute in your looking at them , the seats you allow them to sit , and your gestures and hints.
31 - when a man of good character and with satisfactory religious beliefs asks for your daughter"s hand , let him marry her ; otherwise , trouble and corruption will spread on the earth .
32 - If God loves one of His servants, He prohibits him from loving this world, as you prohibit your patients from drinking water .
33 - When God wants a man to succeed , He makes him knowledgeable in religion and indifferent to worldly affairs ;and reveals to him his defects.
34 - If you want to embark on a new enterprise , take your time until God shows you the way .
35 - When you decide to do something , think of the result. If the result is good proceed to perform it ; otherwise,forget about it .
36 - Whenever you want to mention others"defects, remind yourself of your own defects.
37 - When one of you employs somebody , the employee must be informed of his wage .
38 - If God bestows something on you,start spending it on yourself and your relavtives .
39 - When one of you becomes a prayer leader , he should cut the prayer ceremony short,for there are very young , very old , sick and weak people among the prayers. However,in solitary prayer , he can prolong the ceremony as he wishes .
40 - When death befalls on a seeker after knowledge , he dies as a martyr .
41 - A man who is God-fearing is feared by everything , but if he is God-fearing God will make him fear everything .
42 - If a person who tinges his hair asks for a woman hand he should inform her of this and should not hide his age .
43 - When a person enters as a guest , his provision is accompanying him , and when he leaves , his hosts"sin will be pardoned by God .
44 - You are a believer if your good deeds make you happy and your bad deeds make you unhappy .
45 - when you do something , you should do it to the best of your ability .
46 - Keep silent when a fit of anger befalls on you .
47 - When a wife tells her husband " you have not done me any good ", all her good deeds will become null and void .
48 - If a man fails to act properly , God Will afflict him with sorrow .
49 - When a man dies , people say : " what has he left behind ?", and angels ask : " what has he brought with himself ? "
50 - When you are present in a gathering where people speak ill of an absent person , assist that person by prohibiting the group from backbiting and leave the gathering .
51 - Engage in archery and horsemanship . I like your archery more than your horsemanship . It would be futile for a man to be occupied in anything except shooting by his bow and arrow , or horse-training , or making love to his wife . All those activities are legitimate . That who learns archery but later forgets it, dose not do justice to what he has learnt .
52 - try to keep a low profile , for gifted persons are envied .
53 - Free yourselves from want and do not ask people for even one toothpick.
54 - There are three acts which are the firmest : rememberance of God under any circumstances , fairness against oneself , and sharing wealth with brothers in the faith .
55 - A prayer granted the earliest is the one offered by a third person for another third person .
56 - The bravest person is the one in control of his sensual desires .
57 - On the Day of Resurrection , scholars who do not benefit from their know- ledge will be punished the hardest .
58 - On the Day of Resurrection , two persons are the most regretful : the one who had an opportunity to learn and failed to do so,and the other one who taught somebody a discipline that benefited the student, whereas teacher has not benefited from his knowledge .
59 - From among the unlucky , the one who combines the poverty of this world with the punishment of the next world is the most unfortunate .
60 - That who thanks people most is the one who is most grateful to God .
61 - Meet your needs with self-respect , for affairs have been predestined , and do not yield to abasement by persisting and requesting.
62 - Seek after knowledge from birth to death .
63 - Making a false oath inflicts damage on the commodity and destroys business .
64 - Spare the beggar something , though he comes to you on horsebask,and pay the hired servant his wage before he stops perspiring .
65 - The busiest of all people is the believer , for he should attend to the affairs of both this and next world .
66 - A woman is indebted to her husband more than to anybody else, and a man is indebted to his mother more than to anybody else.
67 - The highest-ranking person of all is the one who does not interfere in what not concerning him and in what bringing him no benefit.
68 - The wisest person , is the one who shows more tolerance to people .
69 - the most knowledgeable person is the one who adds others"knowledge to his .
70 - My Ummah will live an average life of sixty to seventy years .
71 - Assist your children in becoming better persons , for whoever wishes can eradicate disobedience in his offspring .
72 - You must avail yourselves of five things before facing five others : life before death ; health before illness , leisure before occupation , young days before old days , and wealth before poverty .
73 - The best thing to do is making one"s brother in the faith happy or paying for his debt .
74 - The best act , after belief in God , is to win people"s friendship .
75 - Lawful trade is the best thing to do .
76 - Friendship and enemity in the way of God is the best thing to do.
77 - Indeed the best Jihad (Holy struggle)is a true statement made at the presence of a tyrannical king.
78 - The best Jihad is that in which one starts his day without thinking of doing unjust act to anybody.
79 - The best money is that which is spent on one"s dependents .
80 - The best alms are those given when one is healthy and poor hoping to become rich and fearing poverty , not those given at one"s last rites by saying this belongs to that and that belongs to this , for they already belong to them.
81 - Indeed , the best alms are those given to a relative who is your enemy.
82 - The best worship is expectation of deliverance .
83 - On the Day of Resurrection , scholars"ink is weighed against the martyrs"blood resulting in the former"s preference .
84 - Minimize your asking for loans to enjoy more liberty .
85 - Avoid committing sins to easily face death .
86 - Minimize your meeting the rich ; as a result , your will not despise God"s blessings.
87 - Inflict the punishments of God on both relatives and strangers and do not listen to man when performing divine duties.
88 - Most of the sins committed by Adam"s offspring emanate from his tongue.
89 - On the Day of Resurrection , the most sinful people are those speaking about things not concerning them .
90 - The most Knowledgeable persons are the most valuable ones .
91 - Pray much , for praying repels accidents .
92 - Do you want me to inform you of a man"s treasure ? A pious wife whose sight makes her husband happy , who obeys whenever her husband commands, and who is faithfull to him during his absence.
93 - Do you want me to tell you about something better than fasting , praying, and alms-giving ? That is making peace among people , since conflicts among people will lead to their death .
94 - Do you want me to tell you about the person to whom the fire ( of the Hell ) is forbidden ? That is the one who is tactful , moderate , and easygoing.
95 - Do you want me to tell you about the women who are the people of paradise ? They are faithful women who give birth to many children , who quickly reconcile , and who say , when having misbehaved , that they are at their husband"s disposal and that they will not sleep until their husbands are satisfied with them .
96 - Do you want me to tell you who the strongest is ? The one who restrains his anger .
97 - Be aware that the people of paradise resemble those who climb a high hill through a difficult path , and that the people of ( the ) Hell are like those who , through a smooth path , go downhill .
98 - How many times has an hour of passion led to a long period of sufferings?
99 - Often a great number of people wake up at night to pray ; however , the only benefit accrued to them is keeping awake . And there are so many people who fast ; however , the only result they obtain from their fasting is thirst and hunger .
100 - Whoever knows something to be true , should not refuse to speak it up out of fearing people .
101 - Seek after sustenance through matrimony .
102 - Oh Allah !make me grateful and patient , and let me hold myself in contempt and be honoured by people .
103 - Have fun and play , for I do not like to see any roughness in your religion .
104 - And next , O, you people ! I am a human being who is to meet God "s messenger and to accept His call . I would offer you two important things :one is the Book of God containing light and guidance and the other is my family; whoever holds fast the Book of God will be guided and whoever abandons it , will go astray . Get the book of God and hold it fast ! And you will be reminded of the people of my household by God .
105 - the most hated servant by God is a disobedient person who has experienced no affliction , neither in wealth nor in children .
106 - The doors of Paradise are beneath the shades of swords .
107 - The most favourite servant to God is the one who is most sympathetic and kindest to His servants .
108 - On the Day of Resurrection , the most remorseful person is the one who has sold his next world to this world .
109 - The believer could have any characteristics but betraying and telling lies .
110 - The fairest trade is performed by those who never tell lies , do not commit the breach of trust and keep their promises , promptly repay their debts , do not harshly treat their debtors ,do not exaggerate about the quality of their products , and do not criticize other people"s commodities .
111 - Some inhabitants of Paradise turned to a group of inhabitants of Hell and asked why they went to Hell "Swear by God ",said the inhabitants of Paradise, " We were assissted by what we learned from you to enter the Paradise . and the people of Hell say :" We paid lip-service to what we preached . "
112 - After the cardinal sins forbidden by God the greatest sin is that an indebted man when passing a way has not provided for the payment of his debt .
113 - Goodness towards relatives shall be rewarded sooner than any other goodness .
114 - To God , the greatest sin is committed by a man who holds his dependent in suspense .
115 - Most inhabitants of the Paradise are simple and honest people .
116 - People go to the Hell mostly for two hollow things : private part and mouth
117 - If God becomes angry with a people , He does not make the earth swallow them , nor does He matamorphose them . Their prices will go up , they will have infrequent rainfalls,and they will be ruled over by their wicked persons .
118 - God painted the Paradise white which is His most favourite colour .
119 - God does not like men who marry repeatedly and women who do the same
120 - For the sake of a righteous Muslim , God averts misfortunes from one hundred houses of his neighbours .